2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[MIS33-16] Dynamics of the brittle star population in the continental slope off Sanriku, Northeast Japan
Keywords:Population dynamics, Spatial distribution, Ophiuroidea, The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, Long-term sea-bottom observation platforms lander
Three ophiuroid species (Ophiura sarsii Lutken, 1855; Ophiura leptoctenia Clark, 1911; and Ophiophthalmus normani Lyman, 1879) were observed, and the dominant species differed with site. O. sarsii was the dominant species at the 300-m site, and O. normani dominated at the 1000-m site with apparently lower density.
At the 300-m study site, a trend of decreasing population number and increasing body size was observed. At the 1000-m study site, a sporadic change in the body size and population number was observed despite the stable environmental conditions.
The growth rate of the shallow brittle star community in our study corresponded to that reported previously. Increase in turbidity and burial of organisms were the probable causes of the decrease in population number at the deeper site. Some of the turbidity was related to another medium-sized earthquake. Higher-resolution images were needed for the detection of the recruitment process and hidden environmental changes at the deeper site. Although there were no obvious changes in the distribution of species before and after the earthquake except for an increase in marine debris in the deep-sea valley (Yamakita et al. 2005 b), the preliminary result showed a difference in the size histogram. Further analysis and collection of additional samples are needed to examine these changes.
Fujita, T., & Ohta, S. (1989). Spatial structure within a dense bed of the brittle starOphiura sarsi (Ophiuroidea: Echinodermata) in the bathyal zone off Otsuchi, Northeastern Japan. Journal of the oceanographical Society of Japan, 45, 289-300.
Yamakita, T., Yamamoto, H., Nakaoka, M., Yamano, H., Fujikura, K., Hidaka, K., et al. & Shirayama, Y. (2015a). Identification of important marine areas around the Japanese Archipelago: Establishment of a protocol for evaluating a broad area using ecologically and biologically significant areas selection criteria. Marine Policy, 51, 136-147.
Yamakita, T., Yamamoto, H., Yokoyama, Y., Sakamoto, I., Tsuchida, S., Lindsay, D., et al. & Kitazato, H. (2015b). Distribution of the marine debris on seafloor from the primary report of five cruises after the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011 IN: Marine Productivity: Disturbance and Resilience of Coastal Socio-Ecosystems. Eds. Ceccaldi, H. et al. Springer in press