Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS24] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Thu. May 28, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 102B (1F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS24-15] Micropore effect on dissociation process of methane hydrate and fractionation of stable isotopes

*Yuka OOTA1, Akihiro HACHIKUBO1, Satoshi TAKEYA2 (1.Kitami Institute of Technology, 2.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST))

Keywords:gas hydrate, micropore, diatom, stable isotope, isotopic fractionation, calorimetry

Gas hydrates are clathrate compounds that the guest-gas molecules are trapped in host-cages composed of water molecules, and are stable at low temperatures and high pressure conditions. Natural gas hydrate exists in the sea bottom sediments off Sakhalin Island (Sea of Okhotsk), those comprised of diatom with many small pores. Sediment particles may affect to formation and dissociation processes of gas hydrate because their small pores change equilibrium pressure of gas hydrate. Isotopic fractionation of guest gas between gas and hydrate phases has been reported (Hachikubo et al., 2007), however, little is known about the effect of micropore on the fractionation of stable isotopes. We conducted calorimetric measurements of methane hydrates (MH) formed with silica-gel pores to investigate thermal properties of MH in the small pores, and measured isotopic difference in methane molecules between MH and residual gas at their formation process.
The silica-gel sample (pore diameter: 15 nm) was dried at 423 K for 24 hours and then adsorbed water in a chamber for three days. Methane hydrates were formed with the adsorbed water in silica-gel pores under high pressure of methane (10 MPa) at 273.2 K. Silica-gel samples with methane hydrate were stored in liquid nitrogen and the residual gas was also sampled. Thermographs of the hydrate sample were obtained by a calorimeter. Stable isotopes (carbon and hydrogen) of hydrate-bound and residual methane were measured by an IRMS.
The thermograph revealed that a broad peak around 173 K and other peaks ranged from 193 K to 203 K corresponded to dissociation of pore and bulk hydrates, respectively. Because the dissociation of hydrate formed ice and plugged the pores, a large endothermic peak appeared in the range from 223 K to 273 K and the internal pressure increased due to dissociation of confined hydrate.
δD of hydrate-bound methane was 6.2-7.2 ‰ lower than that of residual methane in the formation processes, agreed fairly with the result of Hachikubo et al. (2007). While there was no difference in the case of δ13C (Hachikubo et al., 2007), our results showed that δ13C of hydrate-bound methane was several ‰ higher than that of residual methane, suggesting effect of micropores.

Hachikubo A, Kosaka T, Kida M, Krylov A, Sakagami H, Minami H, Takahashi N, Shoji H (2007) Isotopic fractionation of methane and ethane hydrates between gas and hydrate phases. Geophys Res Lett 34: L21502. doi:10.1029/2007GL030557