11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[MIS24-15] Micropore effect on dissociation process of methane hydrate and fractionation of stable isotopes
Keywords:gas hydrate, micropore, diatom, stable isotope, isotopic fractionation, calorimetry
The silica-gel sample (pore diameter: 15 nm) was dried at 423 K for 24 hours and then adsorbed water in a chamber for three days. Methane hydrates were formed with the adsorbed water in silica-gel pores under high pressure of methane (10 MPa) at 273.2 K. Silica-gel samples with methane hydrate were stored in liquid nitrogen and the residual gas was also sampled. Thermographs of the hydrate sample were obtained by a calorimeter. Stable isotopes (carbon and hydrogen) of hydrate-bound and residual methane were measured by an IRMS.
The thermograph revealed that a broad peak around 173 K and other peaks ranged from 193 K to 203 K corresponded to dissociation of pore and bulk hydrates, respectively. Because the dissociation of hydrate formed ice and plugged the pores, a large endothermic peak appeared in the range from 223 K to 273 K and the internal pressure increased due to dissociation of confined hydrate.
δD of hydrate-bound methane was 6.2-7.2 ‰ lower than that of residual methane in the formation processes, agreed fairly with the result of Hachikubo et al. (2007). While there was no difference in the case of δ13C (Hachikubo et al., 2007), our results showed that δ13C of hydrate-bound methane was several ‰ higher than that of residual methane, suggesting effect of micropores.
Hachikubo A, Kosaka T, Kida M, Krylov A, Sakagami H, Minami H, Takahashi N, Shoji H (2007) Isotopic fractionation of methane and ethane hydrates between gas and hydrate phases. Geophys Res Lett 34: L21502. doi:10.1029/2007GL030557