Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS28] Active faults and paleoseismology

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 3:45 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Takashi AZUMA(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuhiko Sugito(Faculty of Humanity and Environment, Hosei University), Satoshi Tonai(Department of Applied Science, Faculty of Scienece, Kochi University), Toshikazu Yoshioka(Active Fault and Earthquake Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Satoshi Tonai(Department of Applied Science, Faculty of Scienece, Kochi University)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[SSS28-21] Reevaluated age of the latest activity of Ushikubi fault with ESR method using calcite proportion in calcareous gouge

*Emilia bi FANTONG1, Akira TAKEUCHI1, Toshio KAMISHIMA1, Ryohei HOSOTANI1 (1.Grad. Sch. Sci. Eng. Educ., Univ.Toyama)

Keywords:ESR, Calcareous fault gouge, Calcite proportion, Ushikubi fault, Active fault

The Ushikubi fault with a recurrence interval of 4-5 ka (Miyashita et al., 2004b) is a 52 km long, NE-SW dextral trending fault and composes of a complex network of active faults in central Japan. Because active faults in Japan have become a major threat to the location and re-running of the nuclear power plants in the country, various methods have been employed to unravel their fault histories and to determine ages of their recent activities. According to previous radiocarbon dating of overlying contact, the latest activity of this fault is about 1 ka while a close age of 1.9 Ka has been obtained directly from calcareous fault gouge using the ESR method (Fantong et al., 2013).
Although ESR ages obtain from defect centers in quartz grains are always greater than 10,000 yrs, age determination of the recent movement of the Ushikubi fault using calcite proportion in the mixture could give a relatively younger and more precise age. This is because defects from calcites have a younger dating range and therefore may be appropriate for determining the age of the most recent fault activities. Accordingly, the main aim of this investigation is to reevaluate the age of the Ushikubi fault based on the proportion of calcite in the samples and also to verify additive dose rate dependency on the ESR signal intensities.
The calcite proportion from the mixture was estimated using calibration curves constructed from known concentrations of pure quartz and calcite obtained from XRD diffractograms. The equivalent doses were estimated using the additive dose method and the annual dose rates (adopted from Fukuchi et al., 2002) were calculated from the concentrations of radioactive elements. Calibration curves revealed that the proportion of calcite in the samples range from 26-37% and 9-17% in the central and eastern part of the Ushikubi fault respectively. Although no great discrepancy was observed in the equivalent dose and the signal intensity upon addition of artificial irradiation (50 Gy/hr and 20 Gy/hr), the equivalent dose determined from some of the samples irradiated at 20 Gy/hr was slightly larger. The average age obtained from these proportion range from 0.75 - 1.15 ka (50 Gy/hr) and 0.88 - 1.2 ka (20 Gy/hr). These ages are in good agreement with that determined by radiocarbon dating (1 ka) (Miyashita et al., 2004b).

Fantong E. B., Takeuchi A. and Doke R., (2013): Electron spin resonance (ESR) dating of calcareous fault gouge of the Ushikubi fault, central Japan. Applied Magnetic Resonance 44:1105-1123.
Fukuchi T., Mie H., Okubo S. and Imai N., (2002): Assessment of Fault Activity by ESR Dating of Fault Gouge Using Surface E' Center in Quartz Produced with Clay Mineralization: The Case of the Atotsugawa Fault in Japan. Advances in ESR Application, 18: 145-151.
Miyashita, Y., Yoshioka, T., Nikaido, M., Takase, N. and Tachibana, T., (2004b): Paleoseimological surveys of the Northeastern part of Ushikubi fault on Toyama/Gifu prefectural border-A trench excavation survey at kamishirakimine site. Annual Report on Active Fault and Paleoearthquake Research, 4: 131-142 (In Japanese with English abstract).