Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS21] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Yousuke Sawa(Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Nobuyuki Takegawa(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Yugo Kanaya(Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kenshi Takahashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[AAS21-P09] Comprehensive analyses of air pollutants at Suzu, Noto peninsula, Japan

*Yasuhiro SADANAGA1, Yuki NAKAO1, Ayana ISHIYAMA1, Ryo TAKAJI1, Atsushi MATSUKI2, Yoko IWAMOTO3, Koichi WATANABE4, Keiichi SATO5, Kazuo OSADA6, Hiroshi BANDOW1 (1.Osaka Prefecture University, 2.Kanazawa University, 3.Tokyo University of Science, 4.Toyama Prefectural University, 5.Asia Center for Air Pollution Research, 6.Nagoya University)

Keywords:Long-range transport, Air pollutants, East Asia

Recent remarkable economic progress in East Asia has increased emissions of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, ammonia and volatile organic compounds. Such pollutants are transported over a long distance with photochemical reactions and then arrive at Japan as aged species such as gas phase nitric acid (HNO3), particulate nitrate (NO3-), sulfate (SO4), peroxy nitrates (PNs), organic nitrates (ONs), ammonium (NH4+), organic aerosol (Org) and so on. Many researches on the transboundary pollution in Japan focus on the areas of western Japan near the Asian continent. On the other hand, it is important to investigate the transboundary air pollution in the central Japan area because there are many large cities. In addition, the central Japan is moderately far from the Asian continent, so that more aged air mass from the Asian continent would come at the central Japan. In this research, continuous observations of such air pollutants at Suzu, Noto peninsula, Japan. Suzu is representative remote area and located at the central Japan.
Observations are performed at NOTOGRO (NOTO Ground-based Research Observatory) supersite (37.45oN, 137.36oE) in Suzu. Total odd nitrogen species (NOy) and total nitrate (T.NO3 = HNO3 + NO3-) were measured by a scrubber difference / NO-O3 chemiluminescence method. PNs and ONs were measured by a thermal dissociation / cavity attenuated phase shift spectroscopy method. CO, O3 and SO2 were observed by non-dispersive IR, UV absorption, and pulsed UV fluorescence methods, respectively. Org, NH4+, SO4 and fine NO3- were measured by an aerosol mass spectrometer. SO4 was also measured by a thermal reduction / pulsed UV fluorescence method.
Results of SO4 and T.NO3 were reported in this abstract. The air mass origins were classified into five groups; China and Korea (CK) North China (NC), Japan (JP), Russia (RU), and Sea (S), by backward trajectory analyses. Concentrations of air pollutants from CK air mass origin were generally high. In many cases, SO4 concentrations from JP were lower than those from CK, while T.NO3 concentrations from JP were similar to those from CK. In addition, SO4 concentrations from CK were very high, but T.NO3 concentrations from CK were not, in August 2013 and June 2014. Many of SO4 in remote area is present as fine particles while NO3- exists as coarse particles mainly. The deposition velocity of coarse particles (ca. 0.03-1.24 cm s-1) is larger than that of fine aerosols (ca. 0.05-0.6 cm s-1). In addition, the deposition velocity of HNO3 (ca. 1-8 cm s-1) is larger than that of NO3-. The lifetime of SO4 is longer than that of T.NO3, so that SO4 contributes strongly to the transboundary air pollution at Suzu, in comparison with T.NO3. In this presentation, more detailed results and discussion, including other air pollutants will be described.