Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS27] Tsunami and Tsunami Forecast

Wed. May 27, 2015 9:30 AM - 10:45 AM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yutaka Hayashi(Meteorological Research Institute), Yuichi Namegaya(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Narumi Takahashi(Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[HDS27-04] Retrospective evaluation of tFISH performance: Forecasting of tsunami caused by the M 7.3 earthquake on Mar. 9, 2011

*Akiko HORIUCHI1, Ryota HINO2, Yusaku OHTA1, Tatsuya KUBOTA1, Hiroaki TSUSHIMA3 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, 3.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:Near-field tsunami forecasting, ocean-bottom pressure gauge, tsunami waveform inversion

On March 9, 2011, the largest foreshock (Mw7.3) of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake occurred accompanying tsunami with amplitude of about 50 cm at coastal tide-gauge stations in Iwate and Miyagi prefecture. When the earthquake occurred, nine ocean bottom pressure gauges (OBPGs) were installed by Tohoku University around the epicenter, which recorded tsunami with amplitude of 10-30 cm. Kubota (2012) estimated the slip distribution of this earthquake from detailed analysis of the tsunami waveforms. These waveforms were obtained from retrieved OBPGs after the earthquake, however, these offshore data would contribute to an improvement of the accuracy of tsunami forecast if they were available in real-time.
We applied tFISH algorithm to this offshore tsunami data and calculated the waveforms of the coastal tide-gauge stations. We inverted the waveform data recorded offshore to estimate the distribution of the initial sea-surface height, synthesized tsunami waveforms at coastal tide gauge stations, and then compared the calculated waveforms with observations to evaluate the accuracy of the forecast. As a result, it turned out that coastal tsunami waveforms calculated 6 min after the earthquake, or 25 min before the arrival of the first wave to the coast show good agreements with observations in arrival times with misfits less than 2 min. Amplitudes were estimated in the range of 50 to 200 % of the tide-gauge records. This early and accurate forecast by the tFISH was achieved by dense coverage of OBPGs in the range of the tsunami source. The main packet of the tsunami signal reached the offshore stations within 6 min after the earthquake, making the initial sea surface height estimation accurate.
The results of this study demonstrate that tFISH can provide accurate forecast of tsunamis generated by frequent M7 class earthquakes when dense offshore observation networks are available in real-time.