Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Global climate and ecosystem change driven by Southern Ocean and Antarctic Ice Sheet

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Kay I. Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Takeshi Tamura(National Institute of Polar Research)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS21-02] Reconstruction of the East Antarctic ice sheet variability during the last 3 Ma and glacial dynamism in the warm world

*Yusuke SUGANUMA1, Jun'ichi OKUNO1 (1.National Institute of Polar Research)

Reconstructing past variability of the Antarctic ice sheets is essential to understand their stability and to anticipate their contribution to sea level change as a result of future climate change in a high-CO2 world. Recent studies have reported a significant decrease in thickness of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) during the last several million years. However, the geographical extent of this decrease and subsequent isostatic rebound remain uncertain and a topic of debate. Recently, we reconstructed magnitude and timing of ice sheet retreat at the central part of the Sor Rondane Mountains in Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica, based on detailed geomorphological survey, cosmogenic exposure dating, and glacial isostatic adjustment modeling (GIA). Three distinct deglaciation phases are identified in this area during the Quaternary and the ice sheet thinning is estimated to be at least 500 m during the Pleistocene. Although this is the first attempt to estimate the absolute thickness of the EAIS thinning during the Quaternary with GIA modeling, local effects, such as regional ice flow and damming, to the ice sheet thickness reconstruction remain unclear. Here, we propose that a new expedition plan for the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) phase Ⅸ program (2015 - 2020 austral summer seasons) for providing a better constraint for the EAIS thickness reconstruction during the last 3 Ma. In this plan, we are going to carry out expeditions in the Belgica and Yamato Mountains. This will contribute further understanding of the glacial dynamism of the EAIS in the warm world and interaction with the reorganization of the Southern Ocean circulation through the moisture transport from the Southern Ocean to the interior.