Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM27] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Yuichi Otsuka(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[PEM27-P04] Origin of small-scale field-aligned currents as observed by SWARM above the ionosphere in middle and low latitudes

*Tadashi AOYAMA1, Toshihiko IYEMORI2, Kunihito NAKANISHI1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Data Analysis Center for Geomagnetism and Space Magnetism, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto Univers)

Keywords:field-aligned current, ionospheric dynamo, atmospheric gravity wave, acoustic gravity wave, swarm satellite, typhoon

We analyzed magnetic field data obtained by the Swarm satellites launched on 22 November 2013, and confirmed that the short-period(10~40 s) and small-amplitude scaled(0.1~5 nT) magnetic fluctuations observed in middle and low latitudes are the manifestation of small-scale field-aligned current structure (Iyemori et al., GRL, 2015). Because of the characteristics of geographical and seasonal dependence of their amplitude obtained by analysis of the CHAMP satellite magnetic field data (Nakanishi et al., EPS, 2014), we interpret these results as the indication of field-aligned currents generated by dynamo action in the ionospheric E-layer. We assume that the dynamos are caused by the acoustic waves generated by the lower atmospheric disturbances. In this presentation, we show the evidence of the above interpretation by comparing the meteorological data with the magnetic fluctuations, and estimate in which hemisphere, i.e., in north or south hemisphere, the origin of the dynamo exists from a comparison of spectral indices of the small magnetic fluctuations above typhoons in 2014.