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[SCG14-04] Intergranular fluid compositions in mantle xenoliths inferred from direct observation of crystal surfaces
Keywords:mantle xenolith, pore fluid, dihedral angle, 3D measurement
We collected spinel peridotite xenolith samples from San Carlos (AZ, USA), Bullen-merri (Victoria, AU), Girona (Spain), Lanzarote Island (Canary Islands), and Ichinomegata (NE Japan) localities. Based on the relationship between the forsterite content of olivine and the chromium number of spinel, the samples from San Carlos, Bullen-merri, and Ichinomegata were classified as fertile peridotites, while the samples from Girona and Lanzarote were classified as depleted peridotites.
We observed dimples on the olivine surfaces of all the samples, and measured their three-dimensional shapes using a multi-angle SEM (Keyence VHX-1000). The lherzolite xenoliths from Bullen-merri, Lanzarote Island, and Ichinomegata contained plenty of dimples, while dimples were rare in the samples from San Carlos. The average dihedral angles of the intergranular fluids were 89o, 68o, and 82o for the Bullen-merri, Lanzarote island, Ichinomegata samples, respectively. The equilibrium P-T conditions obtained on the basis of two-pyroxene thermobarometry (Putirka, 2008) or two-pyroxene geothermometry (Wells, 1977) were 12.3 kbar/1130oC, 10.4 kbar/1020oC, 7.6 kbar/1100oC, 6-10 kbar/1113oC, and 6.5 kbar/861oC for the San Carlos, Bullen-merri, Girona, Lanzarote Island, and Ichinomegata samples, respectively. The obtained CO2 mole fraction of the fluids was nearly zero (pure H2O) for the Lanzarote and Ichinomegata samples, and 0.9 for the Bullen-merri sample.
The obtained P-T conditions of the lherzolite samples were hotter than the geothermal gradients of their respective areas and were located just below the solidus (Green et al., 2010) in saturation with each fluid composition estimated from the dimple geometry. This suggests that these mantle xenoliths should not be sampled randomly from the conduit wall of the magma halfway between the mantle and surface, but from just above the partially molten region, which possibly has some genetic relation with the host basaltic magmas.
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