2:50 PM - 3:05 PM
[AHW25-03] Effects of reduced leakage from the water main on the spring at Otomeyama Park in Shinjuku ward
Keywords:spring, Tokyo wards area, impervious land cover fraction, water main leakage, tank model
From stable water isotopes measurement, it is suggested that leakage from the water main recharges the spring. From Detailed Digital Information (10m Grid Land Use), it was determined that land cover/land use of the subject area has remained unchanged since the 1980's so that it does not effect spring discharge. We developed a model that represents discharge from the spring based on the observation. The model was calibrated using data from 2012-2013 and validated using data from 2009-2012. We used the model to simulate the discharge for 1998-2013 and specifically investigated the impacts of impervious land cover fraction and water main leakage on long-term trends in the spring discharge. If we take into account reduced leakage from the water main, then discharge is decreasing over time.