Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Dynamics in magnetosphere and ionosphere

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Shin'ya Nakano(The Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Solar-Terrestrial Environement Laboratory, Nagoya University), Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshimasa Tanaka(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomoaki Hori(Nagoya University Solar Terrestrial Environment Laboratory Geospace Research Center), Chair:Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

10:30 AM - 10:45 AM

[PEM09-21] Tailward leap of magnetic reconnection: A THEMIS case study

*Akimasa IEDA1, Yukinaga MIYASHITA1, Shinobu MACHIDA1 (1.STEL, Nagoya University)

Keywords:magnetotail, magnetic reconnection, substorm, auroral breakup

A multiple-onset substorm is studied using observations of aurora and the magnetotail. Four successive auroral brightenings were identified in all-sky images roughly every 10 minutes starting at 0219 UT on 27 March 2009. The first brightening was ''initial brightening" while other brightenings were auroral breakups. Corresponding reconnection signatures are studied using THEMIS satellites observations betwee 8 and 24 Re down the tail. At the time of the initial brightening, no fast plasma flows were observed by THEMIS satellites. It is thus unclear whether reconnection is involved in the initial brightening from a classical point of view. An auroral breakup occurred 6 min later and was accompanied by a tailward fast flow observed THEMIS-1 satellite at 24 Re down the magnetotail. This breakup is thus associated with reconnection in the tail as previously reported.
Another auroral breakup occurred 12 min further later at a latitude higher than the previous breakup. At the same time a change of the flow direction from tailward flow to earthward flow was observed by the THEMIS-1 satellite. This flow reversal is often interpreted as the tailward retreat of a single magnetic reconnection site. However, another THEMIS satellite located 5 Re earthward from THEMIS-1 observed the earthward flow 1 min later. Thus, the observed sequence rather corresponds to a tailward leap of the reconnection site. We suggest that the poleward leap of auroral breakup is associated with the tailward leap of reconnection site as a consequence of the magnetic flux pileup in the dipolarization region.