Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-GD Geodesy

[S-GD23] Gravity and Geoid

Wed. May 27, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 102A (1F)

Convener:*Jun Nishijima(Department of Earth Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyushu University), Yuichi Aoyama(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Jun Nishijima(九州大学大学院), Takayuki Miyazaki(Geospatial Information Authority of Japan)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[SGD23-03] Systematic error evaluation of the compact absolute gravimeter TAG-1

*Akito ARAYA1, Hirotaka SAKAI1, Yoshiaki TAMURA2, Tsuneya TSUBOKAWA3, Sergiy SVITLOV4 (1.ERI, Univ. Tokyo, 2.NAOJ, Mizusawa, 3.Shin-ei Keisoku, 4.Inst. Geodesy, Univ. Hanover)

Keywords:absolute gravimeter, systematic error, volcano, Kirishima, recoil, photo detector

In recent years, absolute gravimeters are used not only for determining static or secular-changing gravity field but for observing dynamic gravity change associated with movement of underground fluid, such as groundwater and magma. For the latter purpose, we have developed a compact absolute gravimeter, TAG-1, to use it for continuous monitoring volcanic activities at a site close to the volcanic vent. As compared to relative gravimeters, absolute gravimeters enable continuous stand-alone measurements without any round-trip comparison to the gravity reference point.

In July of 2013, we carried out a short-term observation at Kirishima volcano observatory (Miyazaki, Japan) using TAG-1 [1]. The statistical error was 0.8 uGal for one-day observation. Measured absolute gravity, however, showed reduction of 20-25 uGal from preceding observation in March of 2012. The regional crustal deformation inferred from GPS data suggested the reduction probably originated from instrumental error of TAG-1. We consider two error sources: recoil vibration and photo-detector response. The recoil force is generated at the time of releasing a free-fall mass and actuates the floor, resulting in vibration of the reference mirror. Slight phase delay determined by the photo detector causes systematic error in the gravity calculated from the quadrature fringe data [2].

In this presentation, both errors are evaluated, and performance of TAG-1 including its accuracy after the error correction is discussed.

[1] A. Araya, H. Sakai, Y. Tamura, T. Tsubokawa, and S. Svitlov, "Development of a compact absolute gravimeter with a built-in accelerometer and a silent drop mechanism", in Proc. of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) Symposium on Terrestrial Gravimetry: Static and Mobile Measurements (TGSMM-2013), 17-20 September 2013, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 98-104 (2014).

[2] S. Svitlov and A. Araya, "Homodyne interferometry with quadrature fringe detection for absolute gravimeter," Appl. Opt. 53, 3548-3555 (2014) .