6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SCG57-P05] Formation and development of incipient shear zone in the lower crust: Example from the Hasvik gabbro, Norway
Keywords:gabbro, lower crust, brittle fracturing, grain-size reduction, grain-size-sensitive creep
Shear-zone networks are developed in the Hasvik gabbro, and the shear zones are made up of fine (a few tens of microns), equant, but slightly elongate grains of the recrystallized plagioclase, amphibole and pyroxene. On the other hand, in the primary magmatic crystals of plagioclase and pyroxene, intragranular and intergranular fractures are found. Newly crystallized amphiboles are found along the boundaries between magmatic plagioclase and pyroxenes, in the intragranular fractures within pyroxenes, and at the margins of pyroxene porphyroclasts in the shear zones. Recrystallized grains of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and orthopyroxene have compositions that differ from the magmatic ones, which suggests they formed by nucleation and growth. Based on conventional plagioclase-amphibole thermobarometry (Holland and Blundy, 1994; Bhadra and Bhattacharya, 2007), the shear zones have formed at temperatures and pressures of 750-800 ℃, 0.8±0.2 GPa. The observed primary minerals cut by fractures suggest high-temperature fracturing in the absence of high pore pressures, which implies a high strength of the lower crustal gabbros and high stresses at fracturing. The viscously deformed shear zones are characterized by the lack of crystallographic preferred orientation (Okudaira et al., submitted) and a small grain size, suggesting that the mechanism of deformation of the fine-grained plagioclase and orthopyroxene has been diffusion accommodated grain-boundary sliding during and/or after their nucleation and growth.