Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW27] Water and material transport and cycle in watersheds: from headwater to coastal area

Sun. May 24, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Shinji Nakaya(Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University), Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Kazuhisa Chikita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masahiro Kobayashi(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Seiko Yoshikawa(Narional Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chair:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[AHW27-01] Groundwater leakage and river runoffs in a tectonic and forested catchment

*Kazuhisa CHIKITA1, Md Motaleb Hossain2, Yoshitaka SAKATA1, Takuto MIYAMOTO2, Yasuhiro OCHIAI2 (1.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:groundwater leakage, fault, actual evapotranspiration, water balance, runoff analysis, heat balance

In order to understand how groundwater leakage in a tectonic catchment occurs and is connected to river runoffs, a water balance was estimated and a runoff analysis was performed in the geologically active and forested (88.3% in area) Oikamanai River catchment (area, 62.6 km2), Hokkaido, Japan. The geology in the catchment is early Miocene to Pliocene sedimentary bedrocks with many faults and forest soils include permeable, late Pleistocene pyroclastic deposits. Daily evapotranspiration, E, in water balance was calculated by applying the one-layer model to meteorological data in the rainfall season of 2011-2012. Then, topographic effects on heat balance of the catchment were explored. The coupling with the short-term water balance method for river runoff events allows us to estimate groundwater leaking to the other catchments. As a result, the leakage occupied 50-80 % of effective rainfall (=P-E: P, rainfall) in 2011, while it was nearly zero in 2012. The tank model with consideration of the leakage was applied for simulating daily mean hydrographs. The large leakage in 2011 and nearly zero leakage in 2012 were produced by the modelling.