Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Global climate and ecosystem change driven by Southern Ocean and Antarctic Ice Sheet

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Kay I. Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS21-12] Miocene-Pliocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction using siliceous microfossils in the Weddell Sea sediments

*Yuji KATO1, Itsuki SUTO1 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:the Weddell Sea, diatom, chrysophyte cyst, resting spore, sea-ice

The latest Oligocene-Pliocene (ca. 25-3 Ma) microfossil assemblages of diatoms as well as Chaetoceros resting spores and chrysophyte cysts from the sediments drilled by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 113 Hole 689B are investigated to reveal the paleoceanographic changes around the Weddell Sea, Antarctic Ocean. As a result of the biochronological analysis, forty-one diatom bioevents including twenty-five biohorizons are recognized.
In the paleoceanographic analysis, a distinct peak of Thalassionema nitzschioides var. parva are observed at 18 Ma (million years ago before present), which may indicate a migration of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. The increases in the abundance of sea-ice related diatom taxa from 13 Ma and at 9.5-5 Ma are also observed, which seem to be related to the growth of seasonal and multi-year sea-ice distributions around the late Miocene period. High abundances of subantarctic species and chrysophyte cysts from ca. 4.8-3 Ma are may appear to be associated with the Pliocene warmth event. In addition, the diversification of diatoms at 9.5 Ma might be caused by strengthening of seasonal variations in sea-ice distribution. Moreover, the diversification of diatoms and abrupt increase in Chaetoceros resting spores and chrysophyte cysts at ca. 4.8 Ma may be associated with eutrophication by strong nutrient supply.
Furthermore, this study has a potential to contribute the prediction of the global climate change in the future because the studied ages of this study include the Miocene and Pliocene known as high pCO2 periods, as well as the reconstructions of the past Antarctic sea-ice and ice-sheet distributions.