Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Structure, evolution and dynamics of mobile belts

Wed. May 27, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM A06 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hiroshi Sato(Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Koichiro Obana(Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takuya NISHIMURA(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Jun Muto(Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University), Katsushi Sato(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Shuichi Kodaira(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Sagiya(Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University), Tatsuya Ishiyama(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Makoto MATSUBARA(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Yasutaka Ikeda(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Chair:Eiji Kurashimo(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

3:39 PM - 3:42 PM

[SCG57-P06] Measurements of elastic wave velocity and electrical conductivity in a brine-saturated granite under confining pressures

*Miho MAKIMURA1, Tohru WATANABE1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, University of Toyama)

Keywords:seismic velocity, electrical conductivity, resistivity, fluid, crack

Geophysical mapping of fluids is critical for understanding crustal processes. Seismic velocity and electrical resistivity structures have been revealed to study the fluid distribution. However, the fluid distribution has been still poorly constrained. Observed velocity and resistivity should be combined to make a quantitative inference on fluid distribution. The combined interpretation requires a thorough understanding of velocity and resistivity in fluid-saturated rocks. We have studied elastic wave velocities and electrical conductivity in a brine-saturated granitic rock under confining pressures.
A fine grained (100-500 ?m) biotite granite (Aji, Kagawa Pref., Japan) was selected as a rock sample for its small grain size and textural uniformity. Cylindrical samples (D=26 mm, L=30 mm) were heated to 100-600oC to increase the amount of crack (open grain boundary), and filled with 0.1 M KCl aqueous solution. A linear relationship was found between the highest temperature and the crack density parameter, which was estimated from velocities measured at atmospheric pressure. Velocity and electrical conductivity were simultaneously measured by using a 200 MPa hydrostatic pressure vessel. The pore-fluid was electrically insulated from the metal work by using plastic devices. The confining pressure was progressively increased up to 150 MPa, while the pore-fluid pressure was kept at 0.1 MPa. It took 3 days or longer for the electrical conductivity to become stationary after increasing the confining pressure.
Velocity and conductivity showed reproducibly contrasting changes with increasing confining pressure. Elastic wave velocities increased by less than 10% as the confining pressure increased from 0.1 MPa to 50 MPa, while electrical conductivity decreased by an order of magnitude. The changes were caused by the closure of cracks under pressure. The steep decrease in conductivity at low pressures suggests that there are more cracks with smaller aspect ratios. Both velocity and conductivity showed no remarkable changes at higher pressures. An empirical relationship between the normalized conductivity and crack density parameter was obtained. This relationship might be applied to a combined interpretation of seismic velocities and electrical resistivity.