Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] Biocalcification and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Tue. May 26, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Institute of Biogeosciences (BioGeos),Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut fur Polar- und Meeresforschung), Chair:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))

2:40 PM - 2:55 PM

[BPT03-13] Proton Management of Foraminiferal Calcification

*Takashi TOYOFUKU1, NOOIJER, Lennart jan DE2, Kazuhiko FUJITA3, Fumito SHIRAISHI4, Gert-jan REICHART2, Hiroshi KITAZATO1 (1.JAMSTEC, 2.NIOZ, 3.Universoty of Ryukyus, 4.Hiroshima University)


Marine calcification plays an important role in the global carbon cycle. Currently, approximately half of all carbon buried in the seafloor is the result of biogenic calcium carbonate production. Perforate foraminifera are a prime example of marine carbonate producers and responsible for a large portion of today's production. The physiological processes involved in calcification, however, are still unclear. Here we present some results on the intra- and extracellular pH changes in benthic perforate foraminifera during calcification. These observations allow for calculating the budgets of ion fluxes that are taken up and removed from the calcification space, which are placed in the context of previously obtained results and published calcification models to construct a unifying model for perforate foraminiferal calcification. This model also accounts for general patterns in observed fractionation factors of various elements.