Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS34] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 28, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Kazuyoshi Yamada(Museum of Natural and Environmental history, Shizuoka), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University), Chair:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[MIS34-19] High-resolution climate variation during marine isotope stage 11 from a core of Osaka Bay, southwest Japan

*Kosuke NAKANO1, Ikuko KITABA2, Masayuki HYODO3, Shigehiro KATOH4 (1.Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, 2.Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University, 3.Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University, 4.Division of Natural History, Hyogo Museum of Nature and Human Activities)

Keywords:Marine Isotope Stage 11, Paleoclimate, Paleovegetation, Pollen analysis, Osaka Bay sediments

Climate of marine isotope stage (MIS) 11 has been investigated by many researchers, regarded as an analogue for the Holocene. MIS 11 is a super-interglacial characterized by its high sea-level and long duration. To reveal millennial to centennial scale climate changes of this interglacial in comparison with sea-level variations shown by diatoms, pollen analyses were conducted on a 1700-m core of Osaka Bay over a depth range from 162 m to 222 m. The core has an average sedimentation rate of about 60 cm/ka, dated with a linear age model based on the orbital tuning, reinforced by tephrostratigraphy and magnetic polarity stratigraphy. Cold climate shown by dominance of coniferous tree taxa in the latest stage of MIS 12 was replaced by cool climate dominated by deciduous tree taxa mainly composed of Fagus, a cool proxy, in the earliest MIS 11. The vegetation in MIS 11 was gradually dominated by deciduous tree taxa. The proportion of Quercus (Cyclobalanopsis), a warm proxy, increased with sea-level rise and reached its maximum at sea-level highstand of MIS 11.3. After the thermal maximum, Quercus (Cyclobalanopsis) gradually decreased with fluctuations and coniferous tree taxa such as Cryprtomeria and Sciadopitys increased, both indicating cooling and wetting. After MIS 11.3, the climate shows clear precession-related signals correlated with changes in the diatom sea-level proxies. Pollen taxa, especially Alnus and non-arboreal pollen, also show environmental changes. From the latest stage of MIS 12 to the earliest MIS 11, a marsh environment was dominant during the post-glacial sea-level rise. In the early stage of MIS 11, the post-glacial warming is clearly shown by the rapid increase of Quercus (Cyclobalanopsis), and the warming is interrupted by a short-term cooling that ranges in age from about 416 ka to 413 ka based on the linear age model. The temporal cooling almost coincides with the sea-level fall or stagnation suggested by the diatom sea-level proxies. A similar cooling event has been reported from Europe, Lake Baikal and the Antarctic. Therefore, the cooling event in the early MIS 11 may be global and accompanied by an ice volume increase.