9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[MIS30-03] Stratigraphy and age of stratiform manganese deposits in the Chichibu Belt, Japan
Keywords:Chichibu Belt, stratiform manganese deposits, radiolarian biostratigraphy, Upper Triassic, Lower Jurassic, volcanic activity
Triassic and Jurassic radiolarian fossils were obtained from the 6 samples of the chert bed below the manganese deposits in the three localities (Takahama, Takahira, Akimoto). In Takahira locality, the manganese deposit occurs above the massive chert with akashiro silicastone. The red bedded chert above the manganese deposit yields radiolarian fossils such as; Trialatus longicornutus and Poulpus carcharus. These radiolarians show that age of manganese deposits can be correlated with the late Carnian age. In Takahama and Akimoto localities, the bedded chert above the manganese deposit is gray and occurs the Lower Jurassic radiolarian fossils (e.g., Trillus elkhornensis and Tricolocapsa plicarum). The XRF analysis revealed that the geochemical features of the manganese deposits in the study area is geochemically similar to the modern submarine hydrothermal manganese deposits. Consequently, manganese deposits in the eastern Kyushu were deposited by hydrothermal activity in an open-ocean setting around the late Carnian and Early Jurassic. The large volumes of flood basalts were erupted in the Carnian and Early Jurassic, and their ages are consistent with the depositional ages of the manganese deposits from the Chichibu Belt in eastern Kyushu.