Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS26] Seismic wave propagation: Theory and Application

Tue. May 26, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Tatsuhiko Saito(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Hisashi Nakahara(Solid Earth Physics Laboratory, Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Jun Matsushima(School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo), Kiwamu Nishida(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Kazuya Shiraishi(JGI, Inc.), Chair:Hiroshi Takenaka(Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University), Takayuki Miyoshi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[SSS26-02] Tsunami observation inside the source region: a simulation and a theory

*Tatsuhiko SAITO1 (1.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

Keywords:tsunami, earthquake fault, seismic wave, ocean acoustic wave

A tsunami observation network is being constructed offshore northeastern Japan, where ~150 ocean-bottom seismometers and pressure gauges are to be deployed across the source area of huge earthquakes that could possibly occur in future. Since tsunami records inside the source region are seriously contaminated by ocean-acoustic and seismic waves, we cannot correctly estimate the tsunami size if conventional methods are directly used in analyzing these records. It is fundamentally important to know the contributions of the acoustic wave and sea-bottom movements on the tsunami records. By numerically simulating the tsunami generation from the earthquake rupture including the interactions between fluid ocean and elastic earth medium (e.g. Maeda and Furumura 2013 PAGEOPH), we investigated the relation between the sea-bottom pressure and the sea-bottom motion. Past studies employed a simple relation p = rho a h for interpreting ocean-bottom pressure records (e.g. Filloux 1982 GRL), where p is the pressure generated by dynamic sea-bottom deformation, a is the acceleration of the sea bottom, rho is the water density, and h is the sea depth. However, our simulations indicated that this relation failed when a steep sea-bottom deformation occurred. It was necessary to extend the relation by using an analytical solution of an incompressible fluid theory (Saito 2013 EPS). We confirmed that a spatial filtering of tanh (kh)/ kh in the wavenumber domain k reproduced our simulation results better than the simple relation in the past studies.