Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW27] Water and material transport and cycle in watersheds: from headwater to coastal area

Sun. May 24, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Shinji Nakaya(Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University), Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Kazuhisa Chikita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masahiro Kobayashi(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Seiko Yoshikawa(Narional Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[AHW27-P07] Factors controling elevated fluoride concentrations in groundwaters at the western part of Kumamoto area, Japan

*Shahadat HOSSAIN1, Takahiro HOSONO2, Kiyoshi IDE1, Heejun YANG1, Jun SHIMADA1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2.Priority Organization for Innovation and Excellence, Kumamoto University)

Keywords:Groundwater, Volcanic aquifer, Fluoride, Geochemical process, Kumamoto

Hydrogeochemistry of shallow and deep aquifer groundwaters collected from boreholes and wells (N=47) along the flow lines of western margins of Kumamoto basin, has been studied in order to evaluate the geochemical controls on fluoride concentrations. Kumamoto city, situated at the central part of Kyushu island in southern Japan, is considered as the largest urban groundwater city in Japan. 100% people of this city depends on groundwater for their drinking purpose. Groundwater aquifers are composed of Quaternary volcanic (pyroclastic) flow deposits. In both shallow and deep aquifers, groundwaters evolve along the down flow gradient from oxidizing conditions of recharge area to the reducing conditions of stagnant area of Kumamoto plain.
Groundwater pH is near-neutral to alkaline (7.05-9.45) while sodium and bi-carbonate is the predominant cation and anion respectively. Groundwaters are mainly Na-HCO3 type along with few Na-Cl type samples. F- concentration ranges between 0.1 to 1.57 mg/L with an average of 0.7 mg/L whereas 47% shallow groundwater and 21% deep groundwater exceeded the Japanese drinking water standard (0.8 mg/L). With respect to groundwater chemistry, high F- concentrations were mainly observed in Na-HCO3 type groundwater and low concentrations in Ca-HCO3 type groundwater. F- is positively correlated with HCO3- and Na+, indicating that groundwater with high HCO3- and Na+ contents help in dissolving of some fluoride-rich minerals. Groundwaters with higher F- contents have relatively higher pH value, suggesting that alkaline environment favors the replacement of exchangeable F- in fluoride-rich minerals by OH- in groundwater. Different ionic relationships imply that the geochemical behavior of fluoride in groundwater is also influenced by the ion-exchange process which release Na+ to the groundwater and removes Ca2+ ions from groundwater. Thermodynamic relationship between the activities of Ca2+ and F- indicate that groundwater is undersaturated with respect to fluorite (CaF2). However upper limit of fluoride (F-) is controlled by the precipitation of Ca2+ ion. These observations reflect that fluoride concentration in Kumamoto groundwater is mainly controlled by the dissolution and precipitation processes of fluoride and Ca-rich minerals.