Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS23] Lunar science and exploration

Mon. May 25, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Hiroshi Nagaoka(Waseda Univ.), Tomokatsu Morota(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Masaki N Nishino(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Chikatoshi Honda(The University of Aizu), Yuichiro Cho(Department of Physics, Rikkyo University), Chair:Yoshiaki Ishihara(JAXA Space Exploration Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Satoru Yamamoto(国立環境研究所環境計測研究センター)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[PPS23-04] Lunar surface areas with featureless reflectance spectra revealed by hyperspectral remote sensing

*Satoru YAMAMOTO1, Ryosuke NAKAMURA2, Tsuneo MATSUNAGA1, Yoshiko OGAWA3, Yoshiaki ISHIHARA4, Tomokatsu MOROTA5, Naru HIRATA3, Makiko OHTAKE4, Takahiro HIROI6, Yasuhiro YOKOTA1, Junichi HARUYAMA4 (1.NIES, 2.AIST, 3.Univ. of Aizu, 4.JAXA, 5.Nagoya Univ., 6.Brown Unv.)

Keywords:remote sensing, hyperspectral, Moon, Kaguya/SELENE

Spectral Profiler (SP) onboard SELENE/Kaguya has obtained continuous spectral reflectance data (hyperspectral data) for about 70 million points (0.5 by 0.5 km footprint) on the Moon in the visible and near-infrared wavelength ranges. Using a data ming approach with all the SP data (SP data mining), we have revealed the global distributions of several-kilometer-wide sites with exposed end members of various minerals on the lunar surface: olivine-rich sites, purest anorthosite (PAN) sites, orthopyroxene-rich sites, clinopyroxene-rich sites, and spinel-rich sites. These results are based on the analysis for the diagnostic absorption bands of λ = 1μm and 2μm in the continuous reflectance data for the lunar major minerals. On the other hand, it has also been reported that there are several sites on the Moon exhibiting no absorption band for 1μm and 2μm (hereafter, featureless spectra or FL-spectra). However, it still remains unclear what is the origin for the FL spectra on the Moon. For the interpretations of the origin of the FL spectra, we need to understand the global occurrence trends of FL sites on the Moon. In this study, we conducted the global survey to reveal the global distribution of the FL sites using the SP data ming. From the global distribution data, we will discuss the possible mechanisms and its implications for the lunar primordial crust.