Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT44] Frontiers in Geochemistry: Prospect for geochemistry in 30 years

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[MTT44-P01] Simultaneous determinations of 58 elements in volcanic glass shards using the femtosecond laser ablation ICP-MS

*Seiji MARUYAMA1, Kentaro HATTORI2, Takafumi HIRATA2, Takehiko SUZUKI3, Tohru DANHARA1 (1.Kyoto Fission-Track Co., Ltd., 2.Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, 3.Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University)

Keywords:volcanic glass, tephra, LA-ICP-MS, element abundance, element pattern, femtosecond laser

Volcanic glass shards in the Quaternary widespread tephras have been chemically classified and identified on the basis of the contents of the major components (e.g. Al2O3, CaO, and MgO) determined using the electron beam microanalysis techniques. The abundances of the trace elements have been also measured using various analytical techniques including INAA, ICP-AES, and laser ablation ICP-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques. However, the measurements of the trace elements have been generally restricted to the rare earth elements and some elements such as strontium, thorium and uranium. In this study, we carried out the quantitative analyses of the total of 58 elements from lithium to uranium simultaneously using the femtosecond LA-ICP-MS technique. Four volcanic glass samples on the International focus group on Tephrochronology And Volcanism (INTAV) sample mount described by Kuehn et al. (2011) were analyzed for comparison between the analytical values of the major components using the LA-ICP-MS technique and those obtained by the electron beam microanalysis techniques. The analytical values of the major oxide components of the INTAV volcanic glass samples deviate less than 10% from the preferred values shown in Kuehn et al. (2011). The analytical results suggests that the LA-ICP-MS technique can be reasonably available for quantitative analyses of the major elements in volcanic glass shards in addition to the trace elements, as an alternative of electron beam microanalysis techniques. We analyzed 22 tephra samples from Japan and surrounding region (e.g. Aira Tn tehphra and Aso-4 tephra) and 4 tuff samples of North America (e.g. Lava Creek Tuff and Bishop Tuff), and confirmed that the volcanic glass shards can be clearly distinguished from each other by the patterns of the wide-ranged element abundances. The abundances and the patterns of the wide-ranged elements of the volcanic glass shards are definitely helpful to more precise identification and correlation of tephra samples.