Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM06] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Tue. May 26, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Yuichi Otsuka(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Libo Liu(Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University), Chair:Yuichi Otsuka(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[PEM06-02] Three-dimensional plasma bubble simulation driven by whole atmosphere-ionosphere coupled model

*Tatsuhiro YOKOYAMA1, Hiroyuki SHINAGAWA1, Hidekatsu JIN1 (1.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:plasma bubble, equatorial ionosphere, simulation, GAIA model, HIRB model

Equatorial plasma bubble (EPB) is a well-known phenomenon in the equatorial ionospheric F region. As it causes severe scintillation in the amplitude and phase of radio signals, it is important to understand and forecast the occurrence of EPB from a space weather point of view. The development of EPB is known as a evolution of the generalized Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Numerical modelings of the instability on the equatorial two-dimensional plane have been conducted since the late 1970's, and the nonlinear evolution of the instability has been clearly presented. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) modelings became popular tools for further understanding of the development of EPB such as 3D structure of EPB, meridional wind effects and gravity wave seeding.

We have developed a new 3D high-resolution bubble (HIRB) model for EPB and presented nonlinear growth of EPB which shows very turbulent internal structures such as bifurcation and pinching. The eastward neutral wind in the evening produced reverse-C shape of EPB as frequently observed by various instruments. We are trying to integrate the high-resolution model for EPB with the whole atmosphere-ionosphere coupled model (GAIA) to study the growth of EPB under the realistic background conditions. The background electric field and neutral wind partially controlled by forcing from the lower atmosphere may cause the day-to-day variability of EPB occurrence.