Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS26] Biogeochemistry

Thu. May 28, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Shibata, Hideaki(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshiyuki Inagaki(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Kazumichi Fujii(森林総合研究所)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[MIS26-22] Quantifying nitrate dynamics in the changing lake Inawashiro

*Yoshiumi MATSUMOTO1, Urumu TSUNOGAI1, Takuya OHYAMA1, Fumiko NAKAGAWA1 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Inawashiro lake in Fukushima, nitrate stable isotopes, nitrogen cycling, triple oxygen isotopes, assimilation, nitrification

Lake Inawashiro in Fukushima (surface area:103.3 km2, maximum depth:94.5 m) had been characterized by low pH around 5.0. The pH, however, has been increasing for these 20 years. Present pH is around 6.8. In addition, with the neutralization, annual variation range of NO3- concentration in surface water increased from 3.6 μmol/L in 2007-2008 to 5.2 μmol/L in 2011-2012 (Fukushima Prefectural Institute of Environmental Reserch, 2008 and 2012), implying primary production is increasing in the lake water column. The purpose of study is to quantify both the gross assimilation rate and gross nitrification rate in the lake using ∆17O of nitrate.

Water sampling was carried out in both June and September, 2014. Water samples were filtered through GF/F filters and stored in cold storage until analysis. The nitrate concentration were determined with Shimadzu Prominence HIC-SP. Each isotopic composition of nitrate was determined with CF-IRMS system using the Chemical Conversion method (Tsunogai et al., 2010).

While NO3- concentrations in the lake water column were almost constant at 14.0 μmol/L from surface to the bottom in June, those in 0-30 m decreased to 8.0 μmol/L in September. The δ15N values of nitrate increased for around +1 ‰, implying surface NO3- was consumed through primary production. The observed large seasonal variation range in NO3- at the surface (6 μmol/L) supported the past observation of the increasing trend. The total amount of nitrate in the lake water column also decreased from 79.9 to 72.7 Mmol during the period between the observations. On the other hand, the ∆17O values were almost costant around +3.5 ‰ inspective to the depths and seasonals. The mixing ratio of atmospheric NO3- were about 14 %, implying the average residence time of NO3- in lake was long and nitrogen nutrient is not a limiting nutrient for the primary production in the lake. The observed mixing ratio indicated that 6.2 Mmol of remineralized nitrare was fed into the water column though nitrification, while 14.8 Mmol of nitrate was simultaneousluy removed from the water column by assimilation, during the period between the observations. The assimilation amount between the observation interval (14.8 Mmol) correspond to only 30 % of the annual amount of assimilation (48.5 Mmol) caluculated assuming steady state in the lake. As a result, assimilation in the lake proceed at an almost constant rate throughout the year, otherwise the nitrogen cycling in the lake water column is not under the steady state condition.