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[SCG14-11] Hydrogen isotope fractionation between melts and aqueous fluid: Implications for magmatic processes
Keywords:Experiment, vibrational spectroscopy, hydrogen isotope fractionation, melt-fluid equilibria
In the P-T range studied, the D/H ratios of fluids barely change with temperature (in average ΔHfluid = 0.47±1.15 kJ/mol). In contrast, the D/H ratios of coexisting melts display strong dependence on temperature (in average ΔHmelt = 7.18±1.27 kJ/mol). The temperature-dependence of the D/H fractionation factor between melt and fluid (αmelt-fluid = D/Hmelt / D/Hfluid) is similar in all the experiments and can be written:
ln(αmelt-fluid) = -747 (±75).T-1 + 0.65 (±0.10) .
The αmelt-fluid is independent of the bulk D/H ratio of the melt + fluid system.
Therefore, experimental determination of αmelt-fluid using D-enriched fluids can be applied to natural systems. As a result, hydrogen isotope fractionation between silicate melts and aqueous fluids probably affect the δD values recorded in the geochemical observables such as the melt inclusions (MIs). Such knowledge alters the present understanding of the water cycle in subduction zones. Indeed, it has been assumed that the δD composition of MIs trapped in crystals in back-arc basalts represents the δD composition of the slab fluids present in the mantle wedge. This interpretation was based on the hypothesis that no fractionation occurs between the slab fluids and the deep magma. However, the present data leave this hypothesis open to question, and indicate that D and H likely fractionated between the slab fluids and the back-arc magma. Although these data do not allow a definitive quantification of the effect because of the simple chemical composition we used, they demonstrate the necessity of a more complete understanding of H and D fractionation processes between silicate melts and aqueous fluids. Such processes may have a direct impact on δD of the various isotopic reservoirs in subduction zones, and therefore influence our understanding of the water cycle in such a geological context.
 Mysen, B. O. American Mineralogist 98, 1754-1764 (2013)