Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT04] Rheology of Earth's Interior

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Tomohiro Ohuchi(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Shun-ichiro Karato(Yale University, Department of Geology and Geophysics), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[SIT04-P05] Weak-beam dark-field TEM characterization of dislocations in wadsleyite deformed in simple shear at 18 GPa and 1800 K

*Takaaki KAWAZOE1, Nobuyoshi MIYAJIMA1 (1.Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth)

Keywords:wadsleyite, crystallographic preferred orientation, dislocation, seismic anisotropy, transmission electron microscopy, deformation-DIA apparatus

Characterization of dislocations in textured wadsleyite is important in understanding crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO) of wadsleyite and in turn seismic anisotropy at the mantle transition zone. A [001](010)-textured wadsleyite was recently obtained by deformation experiments on wadsleyite in simple shear at 15-18 GPa and 1770-1870 K with a deformation-DIA apparatus (Kawazoe et al., 2013; Ohuchi et al., 2014). However, [001] dislocations have been rarely reported in wadsleyite in the literature (cf. Cordier, 2002). To reconcile the wadsleyite CPO pattern with its slip systems, dislocation microstructures of the [001](010)-textured wadsleyite have been investigated in weak-beam dark-field imaging in a transmission electron microscope. 1/2<101> partial dislocations on the (010) plane are characterized with [100] dislocations on the (001) plane and 1/2<111> dislocations forming {011} slip bands. The former partial dislocations are extended on the (010) stacking fault as a glide configuration (i.e. Shockley-type stacking faults with 1/2<101> displacement vector). The [001] slip on the (010) plane occurs by glide of the dissociated dislocations on a sub-oxygen close packing plane, which can play an important role to generate the crystallographic preferred orientation patterns reported in water-poor deformation conditions (e.g., Kawazoe et al. 2013, Ohuchi et al. 2014).