9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[BPT23-03] Major element composiiton of the missing reservoir: Implication for the early Earth differentiation
Keywords:missing reservoir, 144Nd/144Nd, Hadean, solidus melt, melting experiment
In Kondo & Kogiso (2014), we estimated the formation age and the melt fraction of the missing reservoir, which satisfies the Sm/Nd difference between the ASE and chondrites obtained from the 142Nd/144Nd difference. The formation age was estimated to be less than 33.5 Myr after the solar system formation, and the melt fraction was estimated to be quite small at an upper mantle pressure (1GPa: <2.8%, 3 GPa: <2.5%, 7 GPa: <1.0%). In this study, we determined the major element composition of the melt formed at the small melt fraction (solidus melt), using melting experiments of primitive pridotite. In the early Earth, the mantle probably hotter than in present, therefore we must know the solidus melt composition at high temperature and high pressure. However, there is no previous experiment that determined the solidus melt composition at more than 3 GPa, so we performed the Modified Iterative Sandwich Experiment (MISE) (Hirschmann & Dasgupta, 2007) and determined the solidus melt composition at 7 GPa. As a result, the solidus melt composition was revealed to be Fe-rich komatiite. Then, we calculated the density of the solidus melt at 7 GPa with the method from Matsukege et al. (2005). The density of the solidus melt is smaller than the density of the primitive peridotite, therefore the 7 GPa solidus melt ascends in the mantle. From these results, we concluded that the missing reservoir formed as the solidus melt at high pressure and high temperature and ascended in the mantle. The formation age of the missing reservoir is earlier than the age of the last giant impact estimated by previous studies. The giant impact is considered to melt the whole mantle region, therefore if the missing reservoir had been isolated in the mantle, it probably also melted and was re-mixed with surrounding mantle at the giant impact. Therefore the more plausible scenario is that in the early Earth the solidus melt at high pressure and high temperature ascended in the mantle to form the komatiitic crust, and then spattered into the space at a giant impact. Thus, the komatiitic crust was lost from the Earth, and ASE came to have non-chondritic composition.