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[SIT03-02] Electrical conductivity of San Carlos clinopyroxene as a function of water content
Keywords:clinopyroxene, electrical conductivity, water content, conductivity anomaly region, oceanic lithosphere
Clinopyroxene aggregates with water contents ranging from 〜0 to 2000 wt. ppm were synthesized from Scan Carlos clinopyroxene powder at 1270-1370 K and 1.5 GPa in a piston cylinder apparatus. The double capsule technique was used to realize the Ni-NiO buffer. The electrical conductivity measurements were performed at the same pressure and temperatures from 600 to 1200 K at the same oxygen fugacity, using a DIA-type apparatus. The water content of the sample both before and after electrical conductivity were determined by FTIR using Paterson calibration.
The electrical conductivity increases with increasing water content. Two conductive mechanisms were identified, i.e. proton conduction and hopping conduction. For hopping conduction, the activation energy is 〜1.44 eV. For proton conduction, the activation energy differs by water content. At low water content, the activation energy is 1.28-1.36 eV; while at high water content, the activation energy is 〜0.92 eV. All these data were fitted using the formula σ=σh0exp(-Hh/kT)+σp0Cwrexp(-Hp/kT). Compared with the electrical conductivity of olivine (Yoshino et al., 2006) and orthopyroxene (Zhang et al., 2012) under the same oxygen fugacity, electrical conductivity of hydrous clinopyroxene is comparable to those of the other major constitute minerals. To estimate electrical conductivity beneath the oceanic lithosphere as a function of water content, the Hashin-Shtrikman lower and upper bounds were used, and water-partitioning coefficients among olivine, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene were also assumed. The model showed no obvious advantage to explain the high conductive anomaly. Thus, the conductivity anomaly predicted near the mid-ocean ridge cannot be originated from hydrated mantle. The conductivity anomaly region beneath the oceanic lithosphere should be explained by a presence of other conductive agents such as partial melt.
Yoshino et al. (2006), Nature 443, 973-976.
Zhang et al. (2012), EPSL 357-358, 11-20.