Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM08] Progress in Physics of the Inner Magnetosphere

Wed. May 27, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Danny Summers(Dept of Math and Stats,Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Solar-Terrestrial Environement Laboratory, Nagoya University), Chair:Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Solar-Terrestrial Environement Laboratory, Nagoya University)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PEM08-16] A study of the Pc1 pearl structure using conjugate ground-satellite observations

*Chae-woo JUN1, Kazuo SHIOKAWA1, Kazue TAKAHASHI2, K. PAULSON3, Martin CONNORS3, I. SCHOFIELD3, I. PODDELSKY4, B. SHEVTSOV4, C. KLETZING5, J. WYGANT6 (1.Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, 2.Space Physics Group (SRP), Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, USA, 3.Center for Science, Athabasca University, Athabasca, Canada, 4.Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radiowave Propagation, Russian Federation, 5.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA, 6.of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA)

Keywords:Pc1 pearl structures, Pc1 pulsations, EMIC waves, Multi-Point observations at the ground and space

We have investigated the generation mechanism of the pearl structure of Pc1 geomagnetic pulsations using conjugate observations of an event with the ground induction magnetometers located at Athabasca (ATH, L = 4.3) in Canada and Magadan (MGD, L = 2.7) in Russia and the Van Allen Probes (RBSP) A and B satellites located in the inner magnetosphere. The event was observed at ATH and MGD from 1500 to 1700 UT on October 6, 2012. During this event, the footprints of RBSP-A and -B were located near ATH and MGD, respectively. However, EMIC waves having frequencies close to that of the ground Pc1 waves were detected only at RBSP-B, from 1632 to 1640 UT as it crossed the L=4 magnetic shell in the morning sector. On the ground, the Pc1 waves exhibited a classical pearl structure with a repetition period of about 15 s. At both stations, the polarization angle exhibited a large standard deviation, and a cross correlation analysis using the upper envelops of the wave amplitude reveals that the correlation coefficient between the two stations is higher than 0.7 10 % of the time. The EMIC waves at RBSP-B also exhibited a periodic variation in amplitude, but its period (about 5 s) differed significantly from that observed on the ground. The direction of the Poynting vector parallel to the magnetic field alternated between northward and southward. This result indicates that bouncing wave packet can generate a Pc1 pearl structure in the magnetosphere. We suggest that Pc1 pearl structures can be generated in the magnetosphere in the early stage but the beating of waves propagating in the ionospheric duct is responsible for the peal structure observed on the ground.