11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[SEM33-08] Electromagnetic investigation into the mantle transition zone in the Normal Oceanic Mantle project
Keywords:mantle transition zone, electrical conductivity structure, northwestern Pacific
Three EFOSs were deployed in September 2012 and were recovered in September 2014. One EFOS recorded excellent data for full two years, and the other two EFOSs recorded good data for one year in total. The sampling rate of the EFOSs was 1 s, and clock drift of each EFOS, which was less than 120 s, was corrected for the subsequent data analysis. MT response functions were estimated by using the processed EFOS electric field data and OBEM magnetic field data obtained at the same site, and GDS response functions were estimated by using OBEM magnetic field data (Baba et al. in the same session will present details on OBEM data). These response functions were estimated mainly at the period range of 105 - 106 s. MT responses were estimated at 3 sites in Area A (northwest of the Shatsky Rise), and GDS responses were estimated at 15 sites in Area A and at 7 sites in Area B (southeast of the Shatsky Rise).
The estimated response functions were compared with predictions from a known semi-global 1-D electrical conductivity model of the north Pacific with land-ocean conductance distribution in a surface layer [Shimizu et al., 2010]. The comparison done so far suggests that the mantle transition zone may be more resistive than the reference 1-D model and a north-south variation in electrical conductivity of the mantle transition zone may be none or weak under Area A. A further data analysis is ongoing, and the result of the analysis and an interpretation of the result on the thermal and geochemical state of the mantle transition zone will be presented.