6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SSS29-P03] Effect of humidity on frictional healing of montmorillonite
Keywords:smectite, frictional healing, humidity
We conducted slide-hold-slide test (10, 30, 100, 300, 1000, 3000s) at 15MPa normal stress and 3μm/s shearing velocity. The experiment are carried out at four humidity conditions, 1) in deionized water with a water tank at room temperature, 2) at room temperature and humidity, 3) at room temperature and humidity after having been dried samples at 100℃ for 24 hours, 4) at 100℃ with a heater after having been dried samples at 100℃ for 24 hours.
We found the result that the frictional healing of montmorillonite decreases with increasing relative humidity, which is opposite to that observed in the experiments for quartz. The negative correlation between frictional healing effect and relative humidity on montmorillonite can be explained by the weakness of interlamellar cohesion due to expanding distance between layers in montmorillonite.
The smaller the frictional healing effect, the smaller stress recover in interseismic period. Assuming that the time-predictable model is correct, the smaller stress recover in interseismic, the longer recurrence time of earthquakes. Therefore, it is expected that the recurrence time of earthquakes is long in areas are wet and in which montmorillonite abound.