Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS21] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 201B (2F)

Convener:*Yousuke Sawa(Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Nobuyuki Takegawa(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Yugo Kanaya(Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kenshi Takahashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chair:Kei Sato(Regional Atmospheric Environment Section, Center for Regional Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[AAS21-23] Impact of oxidation processes on optical properties of isoprene SOAs

*Tomoki NAKAYAMA1, Kei SATO2, Takashi IMAMURA2, Yutaka MATSUMI1 (1.Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, 2.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:Isoprene, Secondary organic aerosol, Aerosol optical properties, Complex refractive index, Brown carbon

Isoprene is the most abundant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from biosphere and is known as one of the precursors of secondary organic aerosols (SOAs) in the atmosphere. The formation yield of the isoprene-SOAs is considered to be enhanced in the presence of acidic seed particles such as sulfuric acid. Recently, it has been suggested that some organic aerosols, which is called “brown carbon”, can absorb solar radiation, especially at the ultraviolet (UV) and shorter visible wavelengths and contribute to the radiation balance and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. However, no experimental study on complex refractive index (RI) of the SOAs generated from the isoprene has been reported. In this work, wavelength dependence of the complex RI values of the SOAs generated in the oxidation of isoprene with OH, NO3, and O3 in the presence or absence of SO2 have been examined.
The SOAs were generated in a 6 m3 Teflon coated stainless steel photochemical smog chamber. In the OH oxidation experiments, the reaction mixture of isoprene and NO in the presence or absence of SO2 (sulfuric acid precursor) was continuously irradiated by UV light after the addition of a small amount of methyl nitrite as a source of OH radicals. In the ozonolysis experiments, isoprene was reacted with O3 in the presence or absence of CO (OH scavenger) and SO2. In the NO3 oxidation experiments, ozone was added to the mixture of isoprene and NO2 in the presence of SO2. The optical properties of the SOAs were measured by two photoacoustic spectrometers (PASS-3 and PAX, absorption and scattering at 375, 405, 532, 781 nm) and a custom-built cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS, extinction at 532 nm). Chemical properties of aerosols were also measured by an Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (ToF-AMS). The size distributions of SOAs were measured by a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS).
Absorption, scattering, and extinction efficiencies of SOAs are calculated by dividing the absorption, scattering, and extinction coefficients by total mobility cross sections measured with the SMPS. The RI of the SOAs is determined by comparing the size parameter dependence of extinction, scattering, and absorption efficiencies with Mie theory. The significant imaginary part values of RI at 405 and 532 nm are obtained for the SOAs generated in the OH oxidation of isoprene in the presence of SO2, while the imaginary part values are negligible for the SOAs generated in the ozonolysis (in the presence of OH scavenger) and NO3 oxidation of isoprene. In the presentation, relationship with chemical properties and the atmospheric implications of the results will also be discussed.