Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW27] Water and material transport and cycle in watersheds: from headwater to coastal area

Sun. May 24, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Shinji Nakaya(Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University), Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Kazuhisa Chikita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masahiro Kobayashi(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Seiko Yoshikawa(Narional Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chair:Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[AHW27-17] Arsenic in river waters of the Hokusetsu Area of Osaka Prefecture - Distribution, origin and transport process

*Emilie EVEN1, Harue MASUDA1, Takahiro SHIBATA1, Aki NOJIMA1 (1.Osaka City University)

Keywords:Arsenic, river water, source rock, sediments, transport

Within the present study, extent of high arsenic concentrations is investigated in river waters of the Hokusetsu area of Osaka and Kyoto Prefectures where naturally As contaminated waters have been reported. For example, after the 1995 Kobe earthquake and the following years, waters of Ina and Yono rivers systems were reported with high concentrations (>10ppb) of arsenic.
The distribution of As in water (<1 to 38ppb) reveals a pattern related to the Ibaraki plutons that intrude the Permian to Jurassic sedimentary rocks (sandstone, shale, bedded chert); high As concentrations are found in the areas around the intrusive rock body, while concentrations are rather low in areas of sedimentary rocks far from the plutons. High concentrations in water correlate with high As contents in riverbed sediments (<2.5 to 55ppm) which are also distributed in accordance with the local geology of pyrite-rich sedimentary rocks.
Isotopic analysis of δ34SCDT of sulfate ions in river waters (+4.5‰ median) fall within the same range of previous studies, but these values seem to show river waters impacted by atmospheric depositions. One spring sample (+2.6‰) tends to confirm that the As origin is pyrite in shale rocks (-3.0‰ to +1.4‰) rather from pyrite in chert (-8.8‰).
Analysis of river concentrations in unfiltered, 0.7μm and 0.2μm filtered waters show that As remains mostly in the dissolved pool (<0.2μm) along the river course, while the particulate fraction of Fe, Mn and Al represent 68% of the total concentration in average. These results as well as Principal Component Analysis suggest that As is therefore not transported with clay particles and/or Fe/Mn/Al oxides as believed by many researchers.