2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[AHW27-17] Arsenic in river waters of the Hokusetsu Area of Osaka Prefecture - Distribution, origin and transport process
Keywords:Arsenic, river water, source rock, sediments, transport
The distribution of As in water (<1 to 38ppb) reveals a pattern related to the Ibaraki plutons that intrude the Permian to Jurassic sedimentary rocks (sandstone, shale, bedded chert); high As concentrations are found in the areas around the intrusive rock body, while concentrations are rather low in areas of sedimentary rocks far from the plutons. High concentrations in water correlate with high As contents in riverbed sediments (<2.5 to 55ppm) which are also distributed in accordance with the local geology of pyrite-rich sedimentary rocks.
Isotopic analysis of δ34SCDT of sulfate ions in river waters (+4.5‰ median) fall within the same range of previous studies, but these values seem to show river waters impacted by atmospheric depositions. One spring sample (+2.6‰) tends to confirm that the As origin is pyrite in shale rocks (-3.0‰ to +1.4‰) rather from pyrite in chert (-8.8‰).
Analysis of river concentrations in unfiltered, 0.7μm and 0.2μm filtered waters show that As remains mostly in the dissolved pool (<0.2μm) along the river course, while the particulate fraction of Fe, Mn and Al represent 68% of the total concentration in average. These results as well as Principal Component Analysis suggest that As is therefore not transported with clay particles and/or Fe/Mn/Al oxides as believed by many researchers.