Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Isotope Hydrology 2015

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Chair:Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Takashi Nakamura(International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

12:36 PM - 12:39 PM

[AHW24-P07] Secular change of stable carbon isotopic ratio in groundwater samples during their storage in laboratory

3-min talk in an oral session

*Hiroshi TAKAHASHI1, Hiroko HANDA1, Masayo MINAMI2, Takafumi ARAMAKI3, Toshio NAKAMURA2 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 2.Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University, 3.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Carbon isotope is a useful tracer in order to identify carbon sources and behavior in the fields of biogenic and geochemical processes. However, the isotopic change during the storage in sample bottles until the measurement sometimes occurs owing to carbon exchange between DIC and atmospheric CO2, biogenic activity and/or carbonate mineral reactions (deposition and dissolution). The present study examined the secular change of carbon isotopic compositions, 13C/12C and 14C/12C, of DIC in water samples.
The water samples examined are surface seawater (RICE-W01), hot spring water (RICE-W03: high salinity and high DIC, W04: high salinity and low DIC), shallow groundwater (RICW-W05: low salinity and low DIC), deep groundwater (RICE-W06: low salinity and low DIC), and RO water prepared by dissolving chemical regent (RICE-W07: low DIC, W08: high DIC). The carbon isotopic measurements were carried out on the samples which storage periods ware 860 days for W01, 560 days for W03-W06, and 480 days for W07 and W08.
Secular changes of δ13C ranged from -5.4‰ to -0.2‰. The large isotopic change might be caused by decomposition of biogenic carbon in water samples, since the Keeling Plot showed the biogenic features of δ13C of added carbon. The storage examination suggested that some water samples did not change the δ13C values widely for years. The biogenic activity is prevented by regent addition to water samples. Commonly HgCl2 or NaN3 is used, but it is hard to use them for groundwater samples because sampling filed is not situated in the chemical controlled site. The present study confirmed that isotopic change reduced by NaOH instead of poisonous materials.
The materials of storage bottles are also influenced the secular isotopic change. The present study compared the δ13C value and 14C concentration among the glass, PAN plastic and PP plastic bottles. The δ13C value was relatively constant for all bottles, while the 14C concentration was clearly different. The contamination of modern carbon was detected for PP plastic bottle.

This work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research C (No. 26340017): Radiocarbon Intercomparison on Chemical Experiments, Water series (RICE-W).