Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG62] Slow earthquakes

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:15 AM - 10:45 AM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Hirose(Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University), Kazushige Obara(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ryoko Nakata(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Masahiro Miyazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University), Kazushige Obara(Earthquake Research Institute, )

[SCG62-13] Recurrence interval modulation of slow slip events by two types of earthquake loading

*Yuta MITSUI1 (1.Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University)

Keywords:Slow slip events, Stress perturbation, Rate- and state-dependent friction law, Earthquake preparatory process

Geodetic studies have discovered recurrent spontaneous slow slip events (SSEs) at major faults. The SSE recurrence intervals should reflect mechanical states at the faults, including load effects of large earthquakes in neighboring areas. Here, we focus on temporal changes of the SSE recurrence intervals. We perform numerical model experiments with the rate- and state-dependent friction to simulate the SSE recurrence interval changes by the earthquake loading effects. One result is gradual shortening of the SSE recurrence intervals owing to nucleation process of nearby earthquakes, as revealed by several previous studies. When the distance between the SSE and earthquake areas is almost zero, a short-term further decrease of the SSE recurrence intervals precedes the earthquake occurrence (〜 by a decade). The other result is that external stress perturbation, as large as 0.1 MPa, can reduce the SSE recurrence intervals to a similar extent. Furthermore, the interval modulation by the stress perturbation continues for a prolonged period until the occurrence of the adjacent earthquake. Both effects may be observable, as is advancing at the Boso zone, Japan, but their separation is difficult under the present circumstances.