9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[PCG30-17] The possibility of np-Fe production by solar wind protons on the airless body surfaces.
Keywords:space weathering, asteroid, Hayabusa 2, np-Fe
A lot of experimental approaches tried to reproduce the weathering effects. Sasaki et al. (2001) found the nanophase iron particles within the amorphous vapour-desposited rims of laser-irradiated olivine grains using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) . On the other hand, the simulation of implantation for endmembers of lunar and S-type using H+ ions at keV energy and MeV energy protons implantation show only small changes in visible and near infrared spectra [3, 4].
Then we simulate weathering effect for minerals that would be contained in C-type asteroid. We prepared three minerals, olivine, antigorite and saponite. The weathering simulation of solar wind protons was achieved using ion implantation device at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC). The total amount of implanted H2+ with 10 keV was 1018 ions/cm2. The reflectance spectra were measured by FTIR at WERC, and the TEM observation was at Kyoto University. In our simulation, vary with previous study, olivine irradiated H+ ions shows reddening and darkening like laser-irradiated olivine. On the other hand, another samples did not show large change. Here we report the TEM observations of H2+ irradiated samples.
References:  Nesvorny, D., et al., (2005) Icarus, 173, 132-152.  Sasaki, S., et al., (2001) Nature, 410, 555-557.  Hapke, B., et al., (2001) JGR, 106, 10039-10073.  Yamada, M., et al., (1999) EPS, 51, 1255-1265.