Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG30] New Progress toward the Understanding of Small Solar System Bodies

Wed. May 27, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Masahiko Arakawa(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Sei-ichiro WATANABE(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University), Masanao Abe(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), MASATERU ISHIGURO(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University), Chair:Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[PCG30-17] The possibility of np-Fe production by solar wind protons on the airless body surfaces.

*Yusuke NAKAUCHI1, Toru MATSUMOTO2, Masanao ABE3, Akira TSUCHIYAMA2, Kohei KITAZATO4, Koutaku SUZUKI5 (1.SOKENDAI(The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), 2.Kyoto University, 3.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 4.University of Aizu, 5.Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center)

Keywords:space weathering, asteroid, Hayabusa 2, np-Fe

In HAYABUSA2 mission, we must decide the sampling site using characterization of mineralogical and textural heterogeneities on the asteroid surface by remote sensing data. The reflectance spectra of asteroidal surface have information of mineral composition, but the surface spectra was changed by weathering effects which contain the micro-impacts and the implantation of solar wind ions and cosmic ions. The spectra of S-type asteroids show the reddening and darkening, on the other hand the C-type asteroids show the bluing and darkening [1].
A lot of experimental approaches tried to reproduce the weathering effects. Sasaki et al. (2001) found the nanophase iron particles within the amorphous vapour-desposited rims of laser-irradiated olivine grains using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) [2]. On the other hand, the simulation of implantation for endmembers of lunar and S-type using H+ ions at keV energy and MeV energy protons implantation show only small changes in visible and near infrared spectra [3, 4].
Then we simulate weathering effect for minerals that would be contained in C-type asteroid. We prepared three minerals, olivine, antigorite and saponite. The weathering simulation of solar wind protons was achieved using ion implantation device at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC). The total amount of implanted H2+ with 10 keV was 1018 ions/cm2. The reflectance spectra were measured by FTIR at WERC, and the TEM observation was at Kyoto University. In our simulation, vary with previous study, olivine irradiated H+ ions shows reddening and darkening like laser-irradiated olivine. On the other hand, another samples did not show large change. Here we report the TEM observations of H2+ irradiated samples.

References: [1] Nesvorny, D., et al., (2005) Icarus, 173, 132-152. [2] Sasaki, S., et al., (2001) Nature, 410, 555-557. [3] Hapke, B., et al., (2001) JGR, 106, 10039-10073. [4] Yamada, M., et al., (1999) EPS, 51, 1255-1265.