Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC28] Glaciology

Mon. May 25, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 201B (2F)

Convener:*Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yuji Kodama(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences,)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[ACC28-02] Atmospheric electric field variation during drifting snow

*Yuko SUZUKI1, Masashi KAMOGAWA1, Yasuhiro MINAMOTO2, Akira KADOKURA3, Mitsuteru SATO4 (1.Dpt. of Phys., Tokyo Gakugei Univ., 2.Kakioka Magnetic Observatory Japan Meteorological Agency, 3.National Institute of Polar Research, 4.Department of Cosmoscience, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Drifting snow, Atmospheric electric field, Triboelectrification

Two concentric spherical conducting shells in the earth, i. e., ionosphere and lithosphere, form a global-scale capacitor. The ionosphere has a large electric potential, roughly 250 kV, to the ground surface. The capacitor is charged by global cloud-to-ground lightning and precipitation, while it constantly discharges in the fair weather region through air-earth current. This constructs a global electrical circuit (GEC). The atmospheric electric field (AEF) is affected by slight air pollution. Therefore it is ideal to observe AEF in pole area. However, the electrostatic charge of the ground snowstorm becomes the noise source of the observation in the pole area. The snow in the South Pole Showa station and the study of the AEF are often conducted for a long time and AEF is known to grow big until order of kV/m when the wind velocity becomes big. Because there is not a thundercloud in the Showa station, only ground snowstorm becomes the noise source of the AEF. In this study, we investigate the relationship between the snowstorm and AEF variation.