Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG30] Material circulations in Terrestrial Ecosystem: Water, Carbon and Nitrogen etc.

Mon. May 25, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Tomomichi Kato(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Takashi Hirano(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Hisashi Sato(Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Ryuichi Hirata(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chair:Takashi Hirano(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[ACG30-03] Long-term warming effect on soil respiration in warm-temperate evergreen broad-leaved forest in Kyusyu

*Munemasa TERAMOTO1, Naishen LIANG1, Masahiro TAKAGI2, Jiye ZENG1 (1.Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 2.Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki)

Keywords:soil respiration, global warming, chamber, forest soil

Soil respiration is composed of heterotrophic respiration and plant root respiration, and is the second largest carbon flux in the terrestrial ecosystem. As the heterotrophic respiration increases exponentially with soil temperature, its positive feedback to the global warming has become a concern.
In the middle of December 2008, a multi-channel automated chamber measurement system was installed at the Tano forest science station of Miyazaki University, which is a warm-temperate broad-leaved forest site in Kyusyu. We prepared 10 trenched plots with 5 of them artificially warmed by +2.5oC by infrared heaters 1.6 m above the surface for long-term measurement of warming effect on soil respiration.
The average value of soil respiration in control and warmed plots were, respectively, 3.45 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 3.53 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 in 2009, 3.81 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 4.07 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 in 2010, 3.31 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 3.81 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 in 2011, 3.02 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 3.79 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 in 2012, 3.08 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 and 3.33 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1 in 2013. The annual warming effect increased soil respiration by 5.4% in 2009, 9.9% in 2010, 18.4% in 2011, 29.5% in 2012, and 11.5% in 2013. The warming effect showed an increasing trend until 2012, but decreased in 2013 due to fewer amount of rainfall in summertime, which caused a much lower moisture in soil.