9:00 AM - 9:15 AM
[MIS21-11] Glacial-interglacial variations in nutrient cycle and biological productivity in the Southern Ocean
Keywords:Southern Ocean, productivity, nutrient, stratification
We evaluated nutrient supply and biological production in the Antarctic zone of the Southern Ocean using a piston core PS2603-3 from the Enderby Abyssal Plain. Biogenic opal concentrations were significantly increased for the last two peak interglacials Holocene and Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e. δ15N of bulk sediments were lowered during the interglacials (Holocene and MIS 5), whereas they were increased during the glacials (LGM and MIS 6). Lower primary production and nutrient utilization for the full glacials was mainly caused by weak upwelling of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) in the polar region due to surface water stratification by sea-ice coverage and its melting water input. Low values of δ15N at MIS 5e suggest that the nutrient utilization was much higher than Holocene due to warmer surface condition in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. These results indicate that the surface water stratification was significantly broken at the last interglacial owing to an extreme retreat of sea ice distribution and southward shift of polar front with warmer Southern Ocean.