6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[PCG32-P04] Jovian tropospheric aerosols inferred from the Cassini ISS limb-darkening data
Keywords:Jupiter, cloud structure, radiative transfer, Cassini
Jovian tropospheric aerosols have been expected to consist of nonspherical particles from the atmospheric temperature in the upper troposphere. Application of Mie scattering theory to the tropospheric aerosols in Jupiter is a controversial issue when deducing the scattering properties from remote sensing data. We investigate how much robustness there is in the results obtained from our latest study, by comparing the best-fit Mie scattering phase functions derived from the Cassini ISS limb-darkening data with those for various nonspherical particles. Assuming that shape of nonspherical particles in the upper troposphere is spheroidal, we calculate the scattering phase functions for a wide variety of real refractive index, effective radius, and ratio of long axis to short axis. T-matrix method is used for this calculation. The scattering phase functions for spheroidal particles which have a near value (nr = 1.45) of real refractive index for NH3-ice (nr = 1.42) are found to have weaker backward scattering compared with our best-fit Mie scattering phase functions. It is obvious that these scattering phase functions cannot reproduce the observed limb-darkening data. Conversely, several scattering phase functions for spheroidal particles (nr = 1.85) have similarity to our best-fit Mie scattering phase functions with respect to the strength and shape of scattering phase function. Based on this preliminary investigation, we can say that Jovian tropospheric aerosols are not composed of pure NH3-ice particles even though we focus on the nonsphericity of these aerosols.
In this presentation, we will show the simulated limb-darkening curves calculated with the scattering phase functions for nonspherical particles, along with the observed limb-darkening curves.