4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[SCG64-38] Postseismic deformation following the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake measured by seafloor geodetic observation
Keywords:Tohoku-oki Earthquake, postseismic deformation, GPS/Acoustic observation, seafloor geodesy
So far, we conducted six campaign surveys from Sept. 2012 to Sept. 2014 (9-10/2012, 11/2012, 7-8/2013, 10-11/2013, 2-3/2014, 9/2014) completing three surveys at most of the sites. Based on the method derived by Kido et al. (2006, EPS), we estimate the seafloor transponder array positions for each survey and calculate the postseismic displacement rate at each site by applying linear regression to the time-series of the array positions.
Since errors in the postseismic displacement rates are estimated to be about 5-10 cm/yr, it is difficult to discuss the postseismic deformation at individual sites. However, sites above the heavily ruptured area in Miyagi-oki show a tendency of landward movement as previous studies indicate, and sites to the north and south of the heavily ruptured area show slight northward and southward movements, respectively. Moreover, these observed postseismic deformation patterns are consistent with the result of the viscoelastic model constructed by Sun et al. (2014). Consequently, the viscoelastic relaxation is likely a dominant postseismic deformation process during the observation period.
Next campaign survey is planned in Feb. – Mar. 2015 and will expand the time-series of seafloor array positions improving the estimation accuracy of postseismic displacement rates at individual sites. In this talk, we report these observation results including the data to be obtained in the next campaign survey and discuss detailed postseismic deformation following the Tohoku-oki earthquake.