Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS31] Interface- and nano-phenomena on crystal growth and dissolution

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 102A (1F)

Convener:*Yuki Kimura(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Katsuo Tsukamoto(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hisao Satoh(Naka Energy Research Laboratory, Mitsubishi Materials Corporation), Chair:Yuki Kimura(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS31-09] Homogeneous Nucleation of Nanoparticles from Supersaturated Vapor Investigated by In-situ IR Measurement Experiment

*Shinnosuke ISHIZUKA1, Yuki KIMURA1 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

When we evaporate experimental materials in the atmosphere, nanoparticles condense from highly supersaturated vapor via homogeneous nucleation. This technique is known as the Gas Evaporation method. Nuclei must overcome energetic disadvantage of surface by making chemical bonds to form particles. Since energetic barrier for homogeneous nucleation is excessively high, homogeneous nucleation occurs from highly supersaturated vapor [1-3]. In such conditions, precursors should grow following kinetically feasible reaction path, which is deviated from equilibrium condensation. Furthermore, the size of nuclei is so small that they show quite different physical and chemical properties from that of bulk material. Therefore, chemical reaction processes and its properties during transition state of homogenous nucleation are still unrevealed.
For the purpose of examination of condensation sequences of nanoparticles, we investigated by a new experimental apparatus named Free-flying In-situ infrared measurement of Nucleating nanoparticles Experimental (FINE) system [4]. FINE system is for gas evaporation method combined with FT-IR and enables direct in-situ IR measurement of condensation of 10-100 nm nanoparticles via homogeneous nucleation from vapor.
We applied FINE system for silicate and titanium oxides and revealed that condensation proceeds through metastable phases with non-crystalline IR feature, which is known as Ostwald's step rule. Just condensed nanoparticles would be liquid droplet and crystallization proceeded subsequently. In previous study, we succeed in measurement of IR evolution after nucleation. However, the information about precursors is still lack to understand condensation mechanism. We are now developing a new experimental set up for FINE system and going to talk about future work.

[1] Kimura, Y., Miura, H., Tsukamoto, K., Li, C. et al., 2011, J. Cryst. Growth., 316, 196.
[2] Kimura, Y., Tanaka, K. K., Miura, H., & Tsukamoto, K., 2012, Crystal Growth & Design., 12, 3278.
[3] Kimura, Y., Tanaka, K. K., Sakon, I., Nozawa, T. et al., 2014, Int. J. Microgravity Sci. Appl., 31, 130.
[4] Ishizuka, S., Kimura, Y. & Sakon, I., 2015, The Astrophysical Journal, in press.