3:30 PM - 3:45 PM
[PPS24-13] Chemical Reactions in Protoplanetary Disks and Possibility of Detecting H2O Snowline using Spectroscopic Observations
Keywords:H2O snowline, protoplanetary disk, calculation of chemical reactions, grain surface reaction, dust size growth, spectroscopic observation
In contrast, H2O emissions from protoplanetary disks are detected by recent observations of Spitzer and Herschel telescope. Zhang et al. (2013) estimated the position of H2O snowline by using the intensity ratio of different H2O lines, but the result depends on the model of temperature distribution in the protoplanetary disk. We consider that H2O snowline can be detected more directly by analyzing the velocity profiles of H2O line spectra that will be obtained by high dispersion spectroscopic observations in near future.
We have proposed the method of detecting H2O snowline by analyzing the velocity profiles of H2O line spectra that will be obtained by high dispersion spectroscopic observations.
First, we calculate chemical reactions using a self-consistent physical model of protoplanetary disks and investigate abundance distribution of H2O gas and the position of H2O snowline. We confirmed that the abundance of H2O is high not only in the inner region of H2O snowline near the equatorial plane but also in the hot surface layer of outer disk.
Second, we calculate the velocity profiles of H2O emission lines from protoplanetary disk, and found that we can obtain the information of H2O snowline through investigating the profiles of some emission lines that have small Einstein A coefficient and large excitation energy. The wavelengths of the useful H2O emission lines range from mid-infrared to sub-millimeter.
In addition, we investigate the effect of grain surface reactions and dust size growth.
When we include grain surface reactions in our calculations, the abundance of water vapor increases inside H2O snowline, while it decreases in the hot surface layer of outer disk. Hence, the line fluxes of H2O transitions with small Einstein A coefficient and high excitation energy become higher. It appears more significantly in the lines at the wavelengths of infrared than those at sub-millimeter. It is also shown that H2O lines with large Einstein A coefficient can be used to detect H2O snowline, since H2O emission from the hot surface layer of outer disk become small.
On the other hand, when we consider dust size growth, the abundance of water vapor increases in the hot surface layer of outer disk. Therefore, we need to select H2O transition lines with smaller Einstein A coefficients in order to identify the H2O snow line from the molecular line profiles.
We also discuss the possibility of future observations range from mid-infrared to sub-millimeter (e.g., ALMA, TMT, SPICA).