Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol U (Union) » Union

[U-06] Evolution of New Seamless Science: From Space, Sun to the Earth Surface

Sun. May 24, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Yutaka Matsumi(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Kanya Kusano(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Joji Ishizaka(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Kazuhisa Tsuboki(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Masaki Enami(Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[U06-P10] 14C age calibration dataset based on tree rings from Japanese wood and its comparison with IntCal13

*Toshio NAKAMURA1, Kimiaki MASUDA2, Fusa MIYAKE2, Masataka HAKOZAKI1 (1.Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University, 2.Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University)

Keywords:radiocarbon age, dendro-date, calendar date, solar activity, Pacific high barometric pressure, ITCZ

Radiocarbon (14C) dating is widely applied to archeological materials and cultural properties that are sometimes closely related with historical events. In particular, 14C dating is utilized to decide whether the materials are really related with the historical events, and highly accurate dating of the samples is required to judge the real from the false for history-related materials. Accuracy of 14C dating results is determined largely by appropriateness in sample preparation and measurements of 14C abundance of the prepared targets, but it is also related with the procedures to obtain reliable calendar age in calibration of sample conventional 14C age. For 14C age calibration, the IntCal13 data sets are normally used for terrestrial samples whose carbonaceous fractions were synthesized from atmospheric CO2 in the Northern Hemisphere, while the SHCal13 data sets are used for those in the Southern Hemisphere.

The accuracy of calendar age that was obtained by calibration of 14C age with IntCal13 data sets (Reimer et al. 2013) is, however, sometimes questioned because of the possibility that 14C concentration in atmospheric CO2 may vary spatially (Imamura et al. 2007). The calibration data sets IntCal09 are established on the basis of 14C data for tree rings grown in North America and Europe, but do not include those for the tree rings grown in other areas, for example, in Japan, although 14C data for plant residues from the bored cores at Lake Suigetsu, Fukui Prefecture, Japan, will be incorporated in the age range of 11.2-52.8 ka BP in the latest calibration data sets (Bronk Ramsey et al. 2012). The Japanese archipelago is located at the eastern margin of the Asian continent in the middle or a bit lower latitude region, and the 14C concentration in atmospheric CO2 over Japan may be lower than that at inland areas and northern locations as in North America or Europe, as the result of CO2 release to the atmosphere from the near-by ocean surface which has a lower 14C concentration, or air-mass delivery over the Pacific Ocean by East Asian monsoon in summer season when the plants grow quickly.

To investigate the 14C concentration of atmospheric CO2 in the past few millennia over Japan, we measured 14C ages of annual rings on a single year basis from three Japanese trees whose calendar dates range from ca. 2000 years old to present, and compared the tree-ring 14C ages with corresponding 14C ages of IntCal13. It was revealed that 14C ages of annual rings from Japanese trees are not consistent with IntCal13 data sets. Many 14C ages of tree rings are older than those of IntCal13, but younger than those of SHCal13 data sets. The average shifts of Nagoya 14C ages from IntCal13 ones and one-sigma errors were obtained to be +26+/-36, +24+/-30, +16+/-22, +5+/-21 and +14+/-22 14C years, for the intervals of AD72-382, AD589-1072, AD1413-1615, AD1617-1739 and AD1790-1860, respectively. IntCal13 data sets are usually preferred for calibration of 14C ages from Japanese samples, but it is revealed that SHCal13, or maybe a modified intermediate version of IntCal and SHCal, is rather suitable for Japanese samples in some cases. The Japanese archipelago is situated near the boundary of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone in summer season, and the 14C concentration of atmospheric CO2 over Japan can be influenced by air masses of the Southern Hemisphere with lower 14C concentrations during the period of higher solar activities and magnified East Asian summer monsoon. Our results suggest that the Japanese archipelago is located in the critical zone where it is difficult to calibrate the 14C ages of tree ring samples collected with existing calibration data sets. At the moment, it should be noted that calibration of 14C dates of Japanese samples with IntCal13 may induce additional systematic shifts of calibrated ages toward older ages by about 30 years, from the sample optimum calendar ages.