4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[AAS21-28] Interaction between oxalate aerosol and metal: stability and global cooling effect of aerosol
Keywords:organic aerosol, oxalic acid, metal complex, photo reactivity, indirect effect
Size fractionated aerosol samples were collected at Higashi-Hiroshima in winter, spring, and summer. Speciation analysis of oxalic acid was conducted by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy for zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), and Calcium (Ca). Photoreaction experiments were conducted by ultraviolet ray about oxalic acid and glyoxylic acid. Oxalic acid and glyoxylic acid were measured by Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Analyzer and colorimeter using Schiff base, respectively.
As a result of speciation, Ca and Zn oxalate complexes were found in fine particles (<1.7 μm), but Pb complex was hardly found. The ratio of metal-oxalate complexes to total oxalic acid was about 30% to 50% about each sample. This result showed that the cooling effect of oxalic acid might be smaller than previous estimation.
As a result of photolysis experiments, half-life time of oxalic acid, Mg complex, and Zn complex is 19 minutes, 71minutes, and 172minutes, respectively. This result showed that photoreactivity of oxalic acid was decreased due to the decrease of quantum yield by forming metal-oxalate complexes. In contrast, photoreactivity of glyoxylic acid was increased by coexisting with Zn. Photoreaction of glyoxylic acid to oxalic acid is addition reaction of oxygen, which differs that of oxalic acid to carbon dioxide by cutting carbon bond. It is thought that the reason why photoreactivity was improved is what Zn worked as catalyst.