6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[BGM22-P02] Sulfur isotopic fractionation in carbonyl sulfide during microbial degradation
Keywords:Carbonyl sulfide, Isotopic fractionation factor, Microorganism
Bacterium strains, which have OCS degradation activity, were cultured on the slant in a glass tube. After forming the colonies, headspace were replaced with N2/O2 (80:20 mixture) and 0.03% of CO2, and then approximately 4000 p.p.m.v. of OCS were added to the batch. The concentrations of OCS were measured using gas chromatograph equipped with a flame photometric detector, and headspace gases were collected in the helium purged vials for isotope analysis at the same time of concentration measurements. For isotope analysis, we injected the OCS samples to on-line purification system connected to the gas chromatography-isotope ratios mass spectrometry. The sulfur isotope ratios in OCS were determined by measuring the fragment ions 32S+, 33S+, and 34S+ using triple faraday collector cups Isotopic fractionation factors were determined by the Rayleigh equation.
The isotopic compositions (δ33S and δ34S) of OCS were increased during degradation of OCS, indicating that reaction for OC32S was faster than that for OC33S and OC34S. On the basis of the concentration of OCS and its isotopic compositions, the Rayleigh isotope fractionation model were applied to determine isotopic fractionation constants (xε = (δxS - δxSinitial) / ln f , where x indicates 33 or 34). It is worthy noting that 33ε and 34ε values determined by the experiments shows no significant deviations from mass-dependent relationship, indicating that OCS degradation via microorganisms is not mass-independent fractionation (MIF) process. This result suggests this reaction is not contributed to the MIF signatures observed in sulfur for sulfate aerosol samples and/or Archaean rock records.
At the presentation, the comparisons of variability of 33ε and 34ε values for different strains are presented, and the atmospheric implications for the OCS degradation in the present atmosphere are discussed.