9:45 AM - 10:00 AM
[PEM11-10] Statistical Study of Concentric Gravity Wave in the Mesopause by using the IMAP/VISI Data
Keywords:Concentric Gravity Waves, IMAP/VISI, Mesopause, Airglow
In this study, we analyze the CGWs events from IMAP/VISI data of 2013. We found total 172 CGWs events in the O2 (762 nm) airglow emissions out of 4853 data paths. The monthly distribution of the CGWs occurrence shows a clear seasonal dependence with the peak around March-April and August-September. The weak background winds (from GAIA model) in the middle atmosphere during the March and September equinox are likely responsible for the seasonal dependence. We determined the source of CGWs by estimating the center of the circular pattern and applying a ray-tracing method. We found that in the southern hemisphere, the high activity of CGWs can be found in a band-like area between 30-500 S while in the northern hemisphere the latitudinal variation is bigger, means that the activity can be found in the area ranging from 0-500 N. In the southern hemisphere, the high occurrence region is co-located with the jet streams flow region. Therefore, we suspect that the source in the southern hemisphere is likely related with the jet stream activity. In the northern hemisphere, the sources were mostly found to be convective activities (convective plum, tropical storm and typhoon), which were identified from the meteorological satellite data. We have calculated the wave parameters for two months (March and April) and found that the small-scale waves (horizontal wavelength <100km) expand from the center up to several hundred km (100-600 km), while the large scale can expand up to 2000 km. We are deriving more data from the other months to investigate any wave parameters distribution tendency globally. We also found that generally the concentric pattern appeared as arc like shape instead of full circle. It indicates that the background wind filter allows the wave to propagate in a particular direction and filter out the other directions. Data from 2014 will also be added and if possible will also be presented in this meeting.