5:15 PM - 5:30 PM
[PCG32-08] Time variation of wave structure in Jupiter's south polar region observed with ground-based telescope
Keywords:Jupiter, haze, Rossby wave, polar area, ground-based telescope
We determine whether or not the wave observed at the edge of the stratospheric haze in south polar region is caused by Rossby wave. Using a methane absorption band filter at 889 nm installed at Multi-Spectral Imager (MSI) of the 1.6 m Pirka telescope, we investigated the meridional and vertical wavenumbers and phase velocity of the observed wave structure and zonal wind speed.
In this presentation, we introduce the results of analysis on the time variation of the wave structure in Jupiter’s south polar region in 2011 to 2015 observed by the ground-based telescope. Each result is separated by two weeks to a few months in the periods that we can observe Jupiter. Our results show the wavy structure spreading in longitudinal direction at 67o S. However, our results are different from previous studies in two points. First, we cannot detected an apparent longitudinal motion of the wave structure in our observation periods. Second, there always exist darker areas by about two percent than surrounding longitude in the period of 2011 – 2014. In particular, longitude of about 50o and 130o in SystemⅢ are always dark. These dark regions at 889 nm suggest that the cloud top altitude at 67o S is lower than pressure altitude of 360 mbar. We think there are another atmospheric structures, such as a local eddy or cloud convection, in Jupiter’s south polar region other than those caused by a Rossby wave at 67o S. Our results may suggest that a combination of a planetary Rossby wave and local structure that is less than longitudinal width of 15o exists at about 67o S.